Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous country, with almost 261 million people. As of 2013, Indonesia was the largest economy and largest energy consumer in the ASEAN region. The transport sector accounts for more than a quarter of total energy consumption and energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. Surprisingly for a large island state, road transport accounts for almost 90% of transport related emissions.
GIZ consequently supports the Indonesian Ministry of Transport in GHG mitigation projects from road-based freight and passenger transport. The TRANSfer project facilitates the development of bankable mitigation actions from the rapidly growing freight transport sector. The Sustainable Urban Transport NAMA contributes to improving public transport systems in five pilot cities. An Urban Transport Fund will be established to ensure the sustainable flow of funding for urban transport improvements. Through the Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Development Project (INDOBUS), GIZ supports the planning and implementation of Bus Rapid Transit corridors with segregated bus lanes in five pilot cities.
In its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) Indonesia has made a commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 29% until 2030 compared to the business as usual scenario. About half of the mitigation efforts are to be covered by the electricity and transport sectors. Through the SUTRI NAMA project emission reductions between 7.2 – 14.1 MtCO2 are estimated to be achieved between 2015 and 2030.