Kenya’s State Department of Transport and GIZ cooperate to implement Kenya’s international climate commitment, the so-called Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in the transport sector through the Advancing Transport Climate Strategies (TraCS) project. Transport is responsible for around 62% or Kenya’s energy-related CO2 emissions (2010). The sectoral target is to reduce 3.46 Mt CO2e in 2030 against the baseline, ensuring that the transport sector will not emit more than 14.45 Mt CO2e in 2030.
Kenya’s transport sector is under dynamic development. While the majority of trips are still made by foot or bike, vehicle and motorcycle ownership are rapidly increasing. A privatized public transport system of minibuses, called Matatus, services Kenya’s cities and inter-city connections. To improve public transport services and reduce emissions, GIZ and KfW support the development of line 3 of a bus rapid transit system in Nairobi through the NAMA Support Project.
Kenya is also an important freight transport hub in the region, with the port of Mombasa connecting not only Kenya itself, but also the landlocked countries of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Eastern DR Congo and South Sudan to international trade routes. The large majority of freight is currently transported via road, but the Kenyan Government strives to shift 50% of the capacity on the Northern Corridor to the new Standard Gauge Railway in the next years.
By collecting transport data and training stakeholders on emission quantification and mitigation options, the State Department of Transport and state agencies are enabled to develop a sectoral climate change strategy to meet the NDC target. Furthermore, TraCS works towards operationalizing a climate change coordination unit, as well as setting-up monitoring and reporting structures in the State Department of Transport.