Kenya’s State Department of Transport and GIZ cooperate to implement Kenya’s international climate commitment, the so-called Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) in the transport sector through the Advancing Transport Climate Strategies Project (TraCS). Transport is responsible for around 67% of Kenya’s energy-related CO2 emissions (2015). The sectoral target is to reduce 3.46 Mt CO2e in 2030 against the baseline, ensuring that the transport sector will not emit more than 14.45 Mt CO2e in 2030.
Kenya’s transport sector is under dynamic development. While the majority of trips are still made by foot or bike, vehicle and motorcycle ownership are rapidly increasing. A privatized public transport system of minibuses, called Matatus, services Kenya’s cities and inter-city connections. To improve public transport services and reduce emissions, several development partners are working towards development of a Mass Rapid Transit System for the Nairobi Metropolitan Area. Another priority mitigation action for the State Department of Transport is electric mobility. Facilitation for the transport and energy sector stakeholders to coordinate on shaping the policy and regulatory frameworks is being supported under TraCS and by other partners.
Electric mobility is emerging in Kenya’s transport sector both in urban areas and rural areas with introduction of few privately-owned electric vehicles for private use and taxis, as well as piloting of electric vehicles for small-scale freight transport and shipping in rural areas. Financed by the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, GIZ is managing a project implemented by SIEMENS foundation that is developing proofs of concept for different business cases of e-vehicles in western Kenya.
Kenya is also an important freight transport hub in the region, with the port of Mombasa connecting not only Kenya itself, but also the landlocked countries of Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Eastern DR Congo and South Sudan to international trade routes. The large majority of freight is currently transported via road, but the Kenyan Government has begun shifting freight from road to rail to achieve a 50% shift of the capacity on the Northern Corridor to the new Standard Gauge Railway currently from Mombasa to Nairobi and to the rest of the Standard Gauge Railway in the coming years.
By collecting transport data and training stakeholders on emission quantification and mitigation options, the State Department of Transport and state agencies are enabled to develop a sectoral climate change strategy to meet the NDC target. Furthermore, TraCS works towards operationalizing a climate change coordination unit in fulfilment of the Climate Change Act 2016, as well as setting-up monitoring and reporting structures for the State Department of Transport and its respective agencies.