In Peru, transport represents 40% of the GHG emissions from the energy sector. What’s more, urban mobility is characterised by high social costs, such as health problems, fatal accidents, low quality of life, and considerable loss of productivity due to congestion. These negative effects are on the rise due to the country’s economic growth. This has led to the expansion of commercial activities and, simultaneously, to the development of the freight transport sector, mainly conducted by trucks.
The Peruvian Government, through its Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC), aims to transform and modernise the sector, while reducing its carbon footprint. In this context, the MTC leads the Sustainable Urban Transport NAMA – TRANSPerú, which aims at structural changes in six policy areas. With funding from the NAMA Facility a NAMA Support Project was commissioned in order to assist Peruvian institutions through financial and technical support. Furthermore, GIZ via the TRANSfer project supports the design and development of mitigation strategies in order to improve the efficiency of the freight transport sector.
The NAMA Support Project (NSP) accompanies the MTC in the process of developing the legal and institutional framework required to implement an efficient and low-carbon transport system. Problems such as congestion, an obsolete bus fleet and the excess of unauthorized taxis, are expected to be solved or diminished. A restructuring of this scale requires to rethink, redesign and implement a new institutional set-up for urban transport at all government levels, starting with the Metropolitan Area of Lima and Callao, but also having other major Peruvian cities follow suite.
On freight transport, GIZ supports the MTC with the drafting of mitigation strategies that will lead to a more efficient freight transport sector. The project involved public and private sector stakeholders to identify priorities for the Peruvian government. Eco-driving strategies and a fleet modernization programme are currently being developed and prepared to be implemented.