An efficient transport system plays a key role in delivering prosperity, with urban mobility essential to meet the social and economic needs of residents and of the economy. However, transport is also an area which generates a number of undesirable impacts. For the Philippines – as with many other fast-growing nations – these include congestion (which in Metro Manila alone is estimated to cost the economy more than EUR 61.0 million, or PHP 3.5 billion, daily), emissions of both local air pollution and greenhouse gases, accidents leading to injury and loss of life, and detraction from the public realm resulting from the public space given to highways. Without action, transport challenges in Philippine cities will persist and likely worsen in the future.
Whilst urban transport is first and foremost a local issue, requiring locally implemented solutions, there is also a key role for national government in developing overarching strategy, and in providing support and funding to local government to enable the effective delivery of urban transport policy. The Philippine Urban Mobility Programme provides the framework within which the national government can deliver this supporting role.