Bus Fleet Renewal Toolkit

Many cities worldwide suffer from heavy air pollution. Apart from energy production, the transport sector is one of the main sources for urban air pollution. Cities are growing and concomitant with it the transport demand, even though particle filters and modern engine technology have reduced vehicles emissions massively in the past decades. However, in many countries, public vehicle fleets are characterized by a large number of old, poorly maintained and highly-polluting vehicles resulting in unsafe traffic.
In order to facilitate the introduction of bus fleet modernisation programmes, this toolkit provides essential knowledge for stakeholders to build up a programme. By including a mix of GIZ documents and external document collection, the toolkit introduces the most common instruments of fleet modernization programs, gives examples from around the world and highlights lessons learned worth considering when designing a vehicle modernisation program.

As the toolkit aims at providing essential knowledge for the implementation of bus fleet modernisation programmes, it addresses both, internal and external stakeholder groups. On the one hand, it targets GIZ advisors who are planning to start a fleet modernisation programme and on the other hand external stakeholders who are part of the fleet renewal process.


Content Overview Bus Fleet Renewal Toolkit

This content overview helps you nagivate through this toolkit. Note that many of the posts listed...
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Guidance for a Bus Sector Transformation

A reform of the bus sector changes the way bus services are planned, procured, monitored and...
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GIZ Case Studies

Organizations and governments in various countries have launched and successfully implemented programs to modernize public transport...
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European Case Studies

Organizations and local governments in various European countries and cities have launched and successfully implemented bus...
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Stakeholder Engagement

The identification and involvement of important stakeholders and actors for busfleet renewals is crucial for the...
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Setting Up a Steering Structure

Bus fleet renewal projects need a clear steering structure and suitable organisational structures. We include here...
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Standard Indicators

Many GIZ projects focus on sustainable urban mobility, public transport and freight logistics in countries around...
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Project Presentations

The TRANSfer project has developed exemplary project proposals from the Philippines and from Costa Rica. The...
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Process Steps of Bus Fleet Renewal Projects

Project managers of bus fleet modernization programs need a structured plan that breaks down the program...
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Case Studies on Contracting and Performance Indicators

Organizing  local and regional public transport requires observing regulations and laws  in order to acquire the...
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Increasing Ambition to Mitigate Greenhouse Gases in the Transport Sector through Electro-Mobility

Achieving the global climate change policy target to limit global warming to less than 2 Degrees...
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New Energy Buses in China

Electro-mobility and New Energy Vehicles (NEV) are important elements of the Chinese government’s strategy to promote...
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Reforming the (semi-)informal minibus system in the Philippines

This report aims to shed light on early experiences with one of the most ambitious (mini-)...
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Zero Emission Bus Charging Systems

The aim of this report is to provide city officials and practitioners with an understanding of...
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Barrier Analysis

Local barriers can prevent transit agencies from successfully renewing their bus fleets. Therefore, it is key...
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Dealing with Risks in Bus Fleet Modernisation Projects

This assessment reviewed programmes from Colombia, Costa Rica, Pakistan, and the Philippines, with the aim of...
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Options for Operational Models

Business models for public bus transport can be of various kinds. In order to be particularly...
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Regulations and Standards for Clean Buses

This report by the International Transport Forum reviews progress on technical standards for heavy vehicles that...
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Funding and financing mechanisms for sustainable mobility

This report summarises the main mechanisms identified with the potential to generate resources for sustainable urban...
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Financial Mechanisms for Electric Bus Adoption

Bus fleet modernization, irrespective of the technology considered, goes in hand with considerable funding needs and...
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Best Practice Financing

Two reports on financing mechanisms from the Philippines and from Brazil show best practice examples. In...
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Financial and Economic Impact Analysis

Cost-benefit analyses are critical for deciding if a project should be implemented for societal benefit.  Here...
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Terms of Reference for Financial Analysis Bus Technologies

This chapter includes several model Terms of Reference (ToR) specifically designed for Projects on Bus Fleet...
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Guidance on Monitoring of City Bus Operations

No matter the project you want to carry out – monitoring and evaluation represent a vital...
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MRV Guidance

A vital step for successful implementation of a strategy, policy, programme or project is the assessment...
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Best Practice MRV

Analyzing air pollutant emissions on certain routes, evaluating the performance of new buses on demonstration corridors...
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Environmental Impact Assessment Tool

The Costs and Emissions Appraisal Tool for Transit Buses by the World Resources Institute (WRI) is...
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Capacity Development Strategies

Capacity Development Plan for an Electric Bus Corridor in Mexico City The Capacity Development Plan by...
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“e-mobilogues” online seminars on E-Buses

In this online seminar series by GIZ’s SMART-SUT project in India, industry experts share their experiences...
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Zero-Emission Bus Seminars from Latin America

Many Latin American countries have deployed zero-emission buses in various cities. The successful transition of urban...
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Overview Trainings

Work in progress.
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Study Tour Guides

Study Tours are multi-day field trips that aim to provide learning experiences for political decision-makers from...
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