Many cities worldwide suffer from heavy air pollution. Apart from energy production, the transport sector is one of the main sources for urban air pollution. Cities are growing and concomitant with it the transport demand, even though particle filters and modern engine technology have reduced vehicles emissions massively in the past decades. However, in many countries, public vehicle fleets are characterized by a large number of old, poorly maintained and highly-polluting vehicles resulting in unsafe traffic.
In order to facilitate the introduction of bus fleet modernisation programmes, this toolkit provides essential knowledge for stakeholders to build up a programme. By including a mix of GIZ documents and external document collection, the toolkit introduces the most common instruments of fleet modernization programs, gives examples from around the world and highlights lessons learned worth considering when designing a vehicle modernisation program.
As the toolkit aims at providing essential knowledge for the implementation of bus fleet modernisation programmes, it addresses both, internal and external stakeholder groups. On the one hand, it targets GIZ advisors who are planning to start a fleet modernisation programme and on the other hand external stakeholders who are part of the fleet renewal process.